Science Books

Encyclopedia of General Science

The general science covering physics, chemistry, biology, space science, agriculture and animal husbandry, environment, health, computer science, etc is asked in a number of competitive and recruitment examinations today. Those who lack the basic general science knowledge lag behind others in the race to get at the top as general science is considered as an important dimension in most of the competitive examinations like UPSC and state level civil service examinations, SSC, railways and other general competitive and recruitment examinations.

Summary Of The Book

As the name signifies, the present book is nothing less than an encyclopedia of general science which will act a question bank for general science objective questions. The book has been prepared keeping in mind the importance of the subject. It has been divided into four sections namely physics, chemistry, biology and computer science and IT, each sub-divided into number of chapters. The chapters covered in the book have been formulated on the basis of NCERT science books providing explanation to everyday science phenomena.

With a collection of 1000 multiple choice questions, the content covered in the book simplifies the complexities of some of the topics so that the non-science students feel no difficulty while studying general science. The questions provided in the book are in-line with the analysis of previous year's competitive exam's papers which will help the aspirants know the trend of the questions and the difficulty level of the same. Each section in the book also contains appendices, glossary and assessment at the end. The assessment exercise at the end of each section will help aspirants practice the concepts covered in each section and self-analyze the level of preparation for upcoming competitive examinations.

As the book thoroughly covers the general science section asked in a number of competitive examinations, it for sure will work as a preparation booster for various competitive examinations like UPSC and state level civil service examinations, SSC, railways and other general competitive and recruitment examinations.

The Theory Of Everything

A series of lectures made by Stephen Hawking in 1990s has been put together in the brilliant work called The Theory Of Everything which deals with all things Physics and more.

Summary Of The Book

In 1994, Stephen Hawking delivered seven lectures which was published in 1994 called Stephen W. Hawking's Life Works: The Cambridge Lectures. In 2002, an unauthorized version called The Theory Of Everything: The Origin and Fate of the Universe was released.

This work deals with the theories relevant to the four fundamental natural forces in Physics. This book seeks to remove all the jargon associated with this field and talks straight on about the weak force, gravity, strong force and the electromagnetic force.

Initially Stephen Hawking has stated that there is a fifty percent probability of the four forces unifying into one force. This is what he called The Theory of Everything. However, it is not as simplistic as it sounds. There are traces of pessimism in this book where Hawking admits are obstacles within the theory.

This work was written years ago and this current text is a reprint which Hawking does not currently endorse. Yet, this book is an extremely interesting read as it puts forward some of the extraordinary theories which may not have culminated into anything but still shows promise of a breakthrough.

About The Author

Stephen Hawking is a British author and theoretical physicist and has achieved enormous success in his popular science works.He has been in the best-selling list for almost 237 weeks in the Sunday Times for his book A Brief History Of Time.Born on 8th January, 1942, he has been known for his works on quantum mechanics, general theory of relativity and black hole radiation prediction.

He has also collaborated with Roger Penrose and wrote about the possibilities of gravitational singularities theorem. He has been associated with the Royal Society of Arts as an Honorary Fellow and a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. He was also the University of Cambridge as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. He has always written about his radical theories and perspectives about physics and the universe. Although, he has dismissed most of his theories, he continues to provide groundbreaking inputs in theoretical physics. Hawking was diagnosed with ALS or Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis which has led him to complete paralysis. He communicates through a speech generating device which he had designed himself.

Relativity : The Special and The General Theory

'When you are courting a nice girl an hour seems like a second. When you sit on a red-hot cinder a second seems like an hour. That's relativity.'

Summary Of The Book

Dealing with the theory of relativity - special relativity and general relativity - and the considerations on the universe as a whole, this book gives an insight into the scientific theory about the relationship between space and time, the theory of gravitation, and the universe.

A Nobel laureate, Einstein's research and theories changed the world. First published in 1916, Relativity: The Special and the General Theory is regarded as the most significant work in modern physics. It continues to remain popular and highly influential.

About the Author

Regarded as the founder of modern physics, Albert Einstein was born in 1879, in Ulm, Kingdom of Wurttemberg, German Empire. He completed his Ph.D. from the University of Zurich in 1905 and published four papers in the scientific journal named Annalen der Physik. These papers on photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity, and mass-energy equivalence (E = mc2) were significant contributors to the foundation of modern physics. In the next few years, Einstein came to be recognized as a major scientist.

He developed the general theory of relativity between 1907 and 1915. It was published in 1915. In 1916, Einstein published Relativity: The Special and the General Theory in German. Its first English translation was published in 1920. In 1921, Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect." He published numerous scientific and non-scientific works.Einstein died on 18 April 1955, aged seventy-six, in Princeton, New Jersey

Relativity: The Special and the General Theory Second Edition

Relativity: The Special and General Theory, authored by Albert Einstein, is the magnum opus of scientific work written in a language of layman by none other than the man who revolutionized the world of Physics and considered to be the greatest mind ever lived on this planet.

Summary Of The Book

The Special and General Theory, in Einstein’s own words, is an exact insight into the theory of Relativity to those readers who, from a general scientific and philosophical point of view, are interested in the theory, but who are not conversant with the mathematical apparatus of theoretical physics. Written as a short paper in the beginning, this work was later published as a book which was originally written in German and first published in English in 1920.

Einstein in his preface mentions that the main aim of the book was to take the concept of relativity even to people with no strong background in Physics. Combining Newton’s time and space entities of classical physics into one inseparable element of space-time continuum in his general relativity, Einstein gave the ultimate limit to the speed of light and its correlation with the concept of time and space in his special theory of relativity. The book is divided into three parts.

In the first part, Einstein exquisitely elaborates on intricate concepts like coordinate systems, length contraction, time dilation, relativistic mass, Minkowski's Four-dimensional Space and most importantly talks about his exceptionally simple equation E=MC2, which completely changed the previously thought notions on mass, energy and their relationship with light. In the second part, revolutionary concept of general relativity is discussed in a way a common man could understand the anatomy of space and time. Explaining through simplified field equations, Einstein puts forth the beautiful idea of four dimensional space-time curvatures that laid the foundations for a century of scientific, specifically, astrophysical discoveries and explanations.

In the third part Einstein gives a slight glimpse of his philosophical perspective towards the universe and the way physics defines the working manual of it. Here he considers the universe as a whole, and discusses the implications of relativity concepts in understanding the same. This book, even a century after it was published, is still the holy grail of theoretical physics and astrophysics.

About the Author

Albert Einstein, a gentleman who belongs to the elite league of Newton, Tesla, Maxwell and considered to be the greatest scientist of 20th century. Born in Germany, and worked as a clerk in the patent office before revolutionizing the world of physics, Einstein with his incredible achievements in scientific world has become synonymous to the word genius.

He provided the world, two of the most brilliant concepts of physics through his theories of relativity, and won the Noble Prize in Physics for his work on Photoelectric Effect, which eventually become the foundation stone for tremendous developments in electronic technologies and quantum theory. Einstein is not only celebrated as the greatest physicists of all the time but he was also a wonderful human being and philosopher.

World War II and presence of Adolf Hitler in Germany forced him to stay in the US during the period, where he consistently tried hard to warn and evade the application of nuclear fission as a weapon of mass destruction. He collaborated and interacted with many extraordinary minds of his time contributing to the world of physics and humanity as a whole. His unmatched intellectual imagination collaged with his immense interest in music, philosophy and humanity makes him the greatest personality that scientific world and mankind have ever seen.

Theory Of Everything

The Theory Of Everything (With CD) is compilation of some of Stephen Hawking’s works covering several groundbreaking theories put forth by him.

Summary Of The Book

The Theory Of Everything (With CD) is a collection of Stephen Hawking’s works, compiled from seven of his lectures captured on audio. The book was originally released under the title Stephen W. Hawking’s Life Works: The Cambridge Lectures. The book explores several of his theories - brilliant theories that have helped redefine global perceptions of the universe and its contents.

From Aristotle’s conclusion that the earth is round to Hubble’s discovery that the universe in expanding, the book begins with a history of the various ideas about the universe that have been put forth over the centuries. He then delves into the depths of modern physics, exploring various theories about the origin of the universe, including string theory and the space-time continuum. He also discusses the nature of black holes, the research of which kept him occupied for over a decade.

The book’s title refers to a theory of physics that defines the unification of the four fundamental forces of nature, namely gravity, the electromagnetic force, the strong force, and the weak force.

The Theory Of Everything (With CD) was published in 2002 by Jaico Publishers. However, it has neither been authorized nor endorsed by Hawking. This particular edition is a 2008 reprint. It is accompanied by a CD that matches the book content.

About the Author

Stephen Hawking is a famous author and theoretical physicist from England. His books include On The Shoulders Of Giants, Black Holes And Baby Universes, The Grand Design, The Universe In A Nutshell Edition: Reprint, and A Brief History Of Time from the Big Bang to Black Holes. He has collaborated with his daughter Lucy to write books like George And The Big Bang and George’s Secret Key To The Universe.

His writing primarily falls under the popular science genre, a genre in which science is presented in a format suitable for a general audience.Hawking was born on January 8, 1942. He was educated at St. Albans School, Hertfordshire. In 1962, he graduated with a BA from University College, Oxford. In 1966, he earned a doctorate from Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and followed it up with a research fellowship at Cambridge. He then embarked on a three-decade long teaching career at the University of Cambridge as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics.

He has a motor neurone disease, a disorder that has significantly worsened over the years. As of 2012, it has reached a point where his near-total paralysis has forced him to communicate only via a speech-generating device. Hawking has been married two times, with both marriages ending in a divorce. He has two sons and a daughter from his first marriage. Hawking’s contributions to the field of theoretical physics have earned him several honorary degrees and awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Three Hundred Years of Gravitation

This book is an essential reference source of the latest advances in gravitational physics and relativistic cosmology.

Summary Of The Book

The resulting volume reflects the significant and exciting advances that have been made in these fields since the editor's acclaimed volume published in 1979: General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey. Newton's immense contribution to the physical sciences is assessed, and its relevance to today's physics made clear. The international contributors then chart the major developments in the study of gravitation, from Newtonian gravity to black hole physics. In the fields of galaxy formation, inflationary and quantum cosmology, and superstring unification, the book provides important overviews written by workers involved in many of the advances described.

By shaping such a wide-ranging and scholarly series of articles into a cohesive whole, the editors have created a fitting and lasting memorial to the man who continues to inspire scientists the world over.

About the Author

Stephen Hawking is a well-known theoretical physicist, author, and cosmologist. Some of Hawking’s books include The Grand Design, The Universe in a Nutshell, George’s Secret Key To The Universe, George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt, and Black Holes And Baby Universes And Other Essays.

To commemorate the 300th anniversary of the publication of Isaac Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Stephen Hawking and Werner Israel have assembled a series of unique review papers by many of the world's foremost researchers in cosmology, relativity and particle physics.

New Scientist

Introduction by Professor Stephen Hawking., The thinking person's Christmas present of choice in 2016 and for years to come., For fans of XKCD, QI, The Thing Explainer and the Big Bang Theory, A major launch at the first New Scientist Live, Europe's largest science festival in September at London's ExCeL Centre, Where did we come from... and where exactly are we going ?

Summary Of The Book

Look through the eyes of New Scientist and you will never see the world in the same way again, Does Anything Eat Wasps meets Information Is Beautiful - A full-color infographic journey through life, the universe and everything.,

From what actually happened in the Big Bang to the accidental discovery of post - It notes, science is packed with surprising discoveries. Did you know, for instance, that if you were to get too close to a black hole it would suck you up like a noodle (it's called spaghettification), why your keyboard is laid out in Qwerty (it's not to make it easier to type) or whether the invention of the wheel was less important to civilization than the bag (think about it).

New Scientist does. and now they and the New York Times' brilliant graphics editor Jennifer Daniel want to take you on a whistle stop journey from the start of our universe (through the history of stars, galaxies, meteorites, the Moon and dark energy) to our planet (through oceans and weather to oil) and life (through dinosaurs to emotions and sex) to civilization (from cities to alcohol and cooking), knowledge (from alphabets to alchemy) ending up with technology (computers to rocket science).

About the Author

Witty essays explore the concepts alongside enlightening info-graphics that zoom from how many people have ever lived to showing you how a left-wing brain differs from a right-wing one.

Brief History Of Time

Brief History Of Time: From The Big Bang To Black Holes is a book that provides the readers with insights into the creation of the universe in a manner that is easy to comprehend for people who are not scientists.

Summary Of The Book

Brief History Of Time: From The Big Bang To Black Holes is a book written by one of the most renowned theoretical physicists of all time, Stephen Hawking, who aims to help people understand the creation of the universe. People often wonder if the universe is infinite, and where it came from, and if it will ever end. In this book, Hawking answers these questions, and much more. The book starts off by providing the readers with a review of the theories proposed by Newton and Einstein.

Through the course of this book, Hawking delves into a number of subjects in the field of cosmology, which include the Big Bang, light cones, black holes, and the strong theory. The goal of this book is to provide the readers with an overview of the subject. However, Hawking also touches on some complex mathematics, which is unusual for science books. The readers are also provided with information on the possibility of time travelling and worm holes. Hawking has only included a single equation in this book, which is E=mc2, and explains the chances of having a universe void of a quantum singularity at the beginning of time.

The concepts present in this book are extremely vast, leaving the readers with a sense of admiration of Hawking’s deep understanding of cosmology. Brief History Of Time: From The Big Bang To Black Holes was initially published in the year 1988, and has been a bestseller ever since, selling more than 10 million copies. This book was also present in the Sunday Times best-seller list for a record-breaking 237 weeks.

About The Authors

Stephen Hawking is a well-known theoretical physicist, author, and cosmologist. Some of Hawking’s books include The Grand Design, The Universe in a Nutshell, George’s Secret Key To The Universe, George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt, and Black Holes And Baby Universes And Other Essays.

Hawking was born on the 8th of January, 1942, in Oxford, England. He completed his schooling from St. Albans School, Hertfordshire. Hawking was awarded a first-class BA honors degree from Oxford University, and went to finish his postgraduate degree from Trinity Hall, London. He also received a research fellowship, and completed his D.Phil. from Gonville and Caius College. Hawking currently serves at the University of Cambridge, holding the position of the Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology. From 1979 to 2009, Hawking worked at the University of Cambridge, holding the position of the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics.

He is also a part of the Royal Society of Arts and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. He has also been presented with the Wolf Prize, Prince of Asturias Award, and the Albert Einstein Award. He has also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which is the highest civilian honour in the US. Hawking has been married twice, first to Jane Wilde and later to Elaine Mason.

Concepts of Modern Physics (SIE) 7th Edition

The revised edition retains its fundamental classic flavor. The balance in this book leans more toward ideas than toward experimental methods and practical applications, because the beginner students are better served by conceptual framework rather than by mass of details.

Summary Of The Book

To help build a conceptual framework, a plethora of solved and unsolved problems, varying from simple to complex, have been incorporated.

Salient Features

• Comprehensive coverage to relativity, quantum mechanics, nuclear physics, elementary particles, radioactivity, zeeman effect

• Special emphasis given on thrust areas and advance research in the subject area like large Hadron Collider, Non Zero Ground State Energy and Alpha & Beta Decay etc.

• More than 650 solved problems & unsolved problems graded to conceptual, analyse, Apply categories

About The Author

Arthur Besier, Senior Research Scientist, LGO, Columbia University Shobhit Mahajan, Professor, Dept of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi S. Rai Choudhury, Professor, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhopal, M. P.

Thomas' Calculus : Thirteenth Edition

Thomas' Calculus, Thirteenth Edition, introduces students to the intrinsic beauty of calculus and the power of its applications.

Summary of the Book

For more than half a century, this text has been revered for its clear and precise explanations, thoughtfully chosen examples, superior figures, and time-tested exercise sets. With this new edition, the exercises were refined, updated, and expanded - always with the goal of developing technical competence while furthering students' appreciation of the subject. Co-authors Hass and Weir have made it their passion to improve the text in keeping with the shifts in both the preparation and ambitions of today's students.

Features:

• Strong exercise sets feature a great breadth of problems - progressing from skills problems to applied and theoretical problems - to encourage students to think about and practice the concepts until they achieve mastery

• Figures are conceived and rendered to provide insight for students and support conceptual reasoning • The flexible table of contents divides complex topics into manageable sections, allowing instructors to tailor their course to meet the specific needs of their students

• Complete and precise multivariable coverage enhances the connections of multivariable ideas with their single-variable analogues studied earlier in the book.

New to this edition:Two new sections:

• Basic integration formulas and the Substitution Rules combined with algebraic methods and trigonometric identities

• Probability as an application of improper integrals to making predictions for probabilistic models, with a wide range of applications in business and sciences

• Updated and new art, and additional tables, supporting examples and exercises throughout

About The Author

George B. Thomas, Jr. (late) of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was a professor of mathematics for thirty-eight years; he served as the executive officer of the department for ten years and as graduate registration officer for five years.

Thomas held a spot on the board of governors of the Mathematical Association of America and on the executive committee of the mathematics division of the American Society for Engineering Education. Maurice D. Weir holds a DA and MS from Carnegie-Mellon University and received his BS at Whitman College. He is a Professor Emeritus of the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. Joel Hass received his PhD from the University of California - Berkeley. He is currently a professor of mathematics at the University of California - Davis.